# Square Root

The **square root** of a number is a value that, when multiplied by itself, gives the number. The **SQRT function** in **Excel** returns the square root of a number.

1. First, to square a number, multiply the number by itself. For example, 4 * 4 = 16 or 4^2 = 16.

Note: to insert a caret ^ symbol, press SHIFT + 6.

2. The square root of 16 is 4.

3. Instead of using the SQRT function, you could also use an exponent of 1/2. Don’t forget the parentheses.

4. If a number is negative, the SQRT function returns the #NUM! error.

5. You can use the ABS function to remove the minus sign (-) from a negative number.

Excel has no built-in function to calculate the nth root of a number. To calculate the nth root of a number, simply raise that number to the power of 1/n.

6. For example, 5 * 5 * 5 or 5^3 is 5 raised to the third power.

7. The cube root of 125 is 5.

8. For example, 2 * 2 * 2 * 2 * 2 * 2 or 2^6 is 2 raised to the sixth power.

9. The sixth root of 64 is 2.

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