# Statistical Functions

This chapter gives an overview of some very useful statistical functions in Excel.

### Average

To calculate the average of a group of numbers, use the AVERAGE function. Note: visit our page about the AVERAGE function for many more examples.

### Averageif

To average cells based on one criteria, use the AVERAGEIF function. For example, to calculate the average excluding zeros. Note: visit our page about the AVERAGEIF function for many more examples.

### Median

To find the median (or middle number), use the MEDIAN function. Check: ### Mode

To find the most frequently occurring number, use the MODE function. ### Standard Deviation

To calculate the standard deviation, use the STEDV function. Note: standard deviation is a number that tells you how far numbers are from their mean. Learn more about this topic on our page about standard deviation.

### Min

To find the minimum value, use the MIN function. ### Max

To find the maximum value, use the MAX function. ### Large

To find the third largest number, use the following LARGE function. Check: ### Small

To find the second smallest number, use the following SMALL function. Check: Tip: Excel can generate most of these results with the click of a button. Our Descriptive Statistics example shows you how.